Something that I wish I started doing earlier (not necessarily from the very beginning) regards to when I would make note of new words. Whilst watching Terrace House for some time I would write a list of words on my Notes app on my phone.
After some time I started to think of ways to make it easier to record new words so I made a spreadsheet and would start to include the English translation, word type (noun, adverb, etc…) and context sentence.
Including sentences with the word in context made an absolutely huge difference to my learning in terms of retention and understanding of how the word is used.
Seeing the sentence in which a certain word was used would remind me of that scene in my head. When I see スイカ割り I can remember the moment when the housemates were having fun playing this game on the beach.
In many cases, knowing who said what and being able to remember the context makes a huge difference. Knowing the gender, age, personality, accent and so on of all the housemates I began to understand which words are appropriate to use. I could relate more to the guys who were closer to my age who had similar personalities to find ways of expressing myself that feel more natural.
This might not seem like much help to absolute beginners but you may come back to these sentences in a few years time with a better understanding of the vocab and grammar.