ように - Grammar Discussion

so that
in order to
in such a way that

Structure

  • Verb[る/ない] + ように , Phrase
  • Verb[potential] + ように ,Phrase

[AようにB, A expresses an outcome that is desired but is beyond the will of the speaker (someone tries to influence someone else’s behavior or depends on someone or on some other external circumstances)]

[Therefore ように is used mostly with the potential form and negative verbs]

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In this example sentence…

太陽に目が眩まないように、スキーヤーはゴーグルを掛けています。
The skiiers wear goggles so that they won’t be blinded (disoriented) by the sun.

Is 太陽に, expressing a location for ones 目 “eyes” to look at?
Its kind of figurative so I thought it best to ask, Thank you!

@deltacat3 This use of に is similar to how it is used with もらう or, more appropriately, with the passive voice. In both cases, に marks the “giver” (I was given a scarf by my mother) or the “doer” (I was praised by my father) respectively. In this case, the sun is the “doer” and is causing the skiers to become disoriented (disoriented by the sun). Hope this helps. Cheers!

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