ているあいだに - Grammar Discussion

While

During the time that ~

Structure

  • Verb[ て・いる ] + 間・に

[The subject of A and B does not have to be the same・Events of A and B do not have to be occurring at the same time. However, B must occur on the same timeframe as A]

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Whats the difference in usage between this and ながら

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Not sure if this explanation is 100% correct but it helped me:
https://www.reddit.com/r/LearnJapanese/comments/6pgsgw/what_is_the_difference_between_ながら間にうちにand_つつ/dkp6ggg/

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A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar says:

If the subjects of the main and subordiante clauses are identical and if the verbs are actions verbs, 間 can be replaced by ながら but with different meaning.

I think if you were to say in Japanese ‘I went for a run whilst listening for music’ you would use 間 as the subject is the same, you can use ながら as well but the main clause ‘went for a run’ is the focus, at least that is how I understand it, I may be wrong.

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