ま(っ) - Grammar Discussion

Completely
exactly
right

Structure

  • 真(っ) + いAdj[stem] or Noun

Prefix used to emphasize notable level of something. Literally “real/genuine/true”.
If 真 precedes word starting with a ま/な groups syllable(ま group: ま、み、む、め、もetc) it becomes 真ん: 真ん中、真ん前、真ん丸/真ん円.
If it precedes words starting with か/さ/しゃ groups syllable, it becomes: 真っ: 真っ黄(まっき in 真っ黄色),真っ白、真っ先, 真っ正直.
If it precedes words starting with は group syllable it becomes 真っ and syllable becomes ぱ group syllable: 真っ平,真っ裸

Exceptions: 青(あおい) - まっ青(さお)、赤(あかい)- まっ赤(か)

View on Bunpro

When I reveal the grammar point during reviews, it looks like this:
ma

Personally find this really hard to parse! It’s fine on the grammar point page, with the clickable kanji for furigana, but I’ve found myself staring at this trying to decode it…
Could it be improved? At least changed to reflect the grammar point page?
Like so:
ma2

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@meadowdrone Thank you for drawing this to our attention! I have updated the furigana for this grammar point to make it easier to parse. Cheers!

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That was fast! I was doing my reviews again when this came back up and just noticed it had changed. Very much appreciated :slight_smile:

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I was wondering - both exceptions start with a vowel. What the rule for other adjectives starting with vowels? Or are they all different?

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Hey, long time no see on forums :blush:

Other than the mentioned exceptions (notice that 真っ青 and 真っ赤 are color words), the rest is rather regular.

真新しい - またらしい
真一文字 - まいちもじ

Just remember that not all adjectives are used with 真, though it should be always understandable.

I hope it helps,
Cheers

2 Likes

Yeah, I’m more of a lurker… I mean everything is really clear!

Ah - I didn’t do all the reading I can see. Just adding ま to the start of adjectives beginning with vowels is clear. I hadn’t picked up that you shouldn’t use it with all adjectives. I will go back to the suggested reading again

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That is super cool, we are really glad :heart_eyes:

The best way is to use the ones you have heard/seen/read.

But still, it should be understandable, even if the word is not really used. :+1:

Cheers!

2 Likes