とみえる - Grammar Discussion

it seems that, it can be deduced, one can conclude that

Structure
・Verb + とみえる
・Noun + とみえる
・いAdj + とみえる
・なAdj + とみえる

[Conjecture/guess・based on some information, often visual ・some confidence]

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A Japanese guy told me にみえる is pretty uncertain, so presumably the と is doing something here to make it more certain, as if it is quoting some observation or knowledge?

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Hey :grinning:

It is because it is most of the time used with some basis for reasoning. Like:

テスト落たから、勉強してなかった と見みえる
Since he failed the test, one can conclude that he did not study.

テスト落たから is our factual ground in this case. :+1:

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What exactly does the と do?

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It means “that”. :+1:

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cheers for that!

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Why the て in 彼(かれ)はマラソンを走(はし)った みえて ハアハアが言(い)っている ?

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Looks like it’s using て to connect the two thoughts- “it looks like he ran a marathon” (彼はマラソンを走った) and “he is breathing heavily” (ハアハア言っている). Presumably the latter would be a reason for the former as visual evidence.

On an unrelated note, I wanted to ask why the grammar point is introduced as とみえる, but all of the sentences use 見; seems strange not to introduce it as と見える.

Edit: Aaaand one more question: on that final example sentence, how is 終わらせてなかった conjugated? It looks like 終わる is being put into causative form here, which doesn’t seem to make sense with the sentence…

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Hey :grin:

On an unrelated note, I wanted to ask why the grammar point is introduced as とみえる, but all of the sentences use 見; seems strange not to introduce it as と見える.

I have changed the title to “と見える”!

Edit: Aaaand one more question: on that final example sentence, how is 終わらせてなかった conjugated? It looks like 終わる is being put into causative form here, which doesn’t seem to make sense with the sentence…

It is kind of a trick, you can change intransitive verb with a causative form to transitive one.
So basically 終わらせる = 終える.
Plus, I think it has a stronger nuance of putting energy/effort when compared to 終える。

Sorry for late answer!

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Whoa, that is really cool. :open_mouth: Does Bunpro cover this kind of behavior in any of the lessons?

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Hey :blush:

To be honest, I thought about doing a lesson about this. But for the time being, I wrote an example like that, hoping that someone would ask about it from curiosity.

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I’ll make a note about it for now, then, and see if I can look up more examples. Thanks for the mini lesson!

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Can someone explain to me how this sentence works?

今日の宿題は難しかった とみえて 、誰も終わらせてなかった。

Specifically とみえて I just don’t get it.

The rest is fine.

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This looks like a pretty straightforward example of the grammar point. とみえる means “it seems that”, and とみえて is just the て form, allowing the two thoughts in the sentence to connect: “it seems today’s homework was difficult” and “no one finished it”.

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