なくて Negative て-form - Examples - Grammar Discussion

not and
not so
because not

Structure

  • Verb[ ] + くて + B
  • い-Adj[く ] + くて + B
  • な-Adj + で(は) なくて /じゃ なくて + B
  • Noun + で(は) なくて /じゃ なくて + B

[When なくて is used with verbs it is mostly used to describes reason or cause]
[While ないで can also be used to express reason/cause, many native speakers only consider なくて to be natural]

[An adjective’s なくて form is also used to link qualities and states]
[The following clause (B) is often limited to expressing the speaker’s feelings, verbs in potential form or, in general, something beyond the control of the speaker]

[なくて is often used with 困る、嬉しい、大変、びっくり、疲れている、心配、休む、安心、◯が痛い、気持ちがいい etc.]

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