Verb + に行く - Grammar Discussion

to go in order to

Structure

  • Verb[stem] + に・行く

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Hello,
So, I came across this sentence
I went to play at the park
I tried answering as:
公園へ遊あそび に行 いきました
but it wasn’t accepted as a correct answer and would only allow
公園へ遊あそび に行いった
as the correct answer.

I don’t get why, since it didn’t specify that the anwer had to be in a casual form or anything
Sorry if this has been answered before, and many thanks in advanced.

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Hey and welcome on community forums :grin:

Both answers should be working now :+1:

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wow, that was quick, thanks!

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I just learned about this in my study session but there’s something I don’t understand. In the sentences there’s often し just before に行く, I’m pretty sure I didn’t see this in previous lessons, what does it mean ? :thinking:

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@Mangor

It is simply a stem of する. :+1:

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I see… :joy: I guess it was right under my nose
Thanks for your help !

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Similar to comment above, having the following marked wrong
切手きってを かいにいきます のが好すき。[買かう]

Any reason only informal would be allowed?
切手きってを かいにいく のが好すき。[買かう]

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Hey :grin:

の is one of [the nominalizers] (https://bunpro.jp/grammar_points/16) of Japanese. Basically, it makes it possible to use verbs as nouns.
(Similar to English: to swim - swimming, to write - writing)

Technically の is a (dummy) noun. In Japanese to modify the noun, you need a short form of a verb. The polite form is not used in this role.

That is basically all.

I hope it helps :+1:

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I am confused on this one:
今夜こんや、 のみにいきます 。[飲む]

Why isnt this のにいきます?

Does verb[stem] mean only use the stem, in this case, の?

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Hey :blush:

We understand verb[stem] as stem of ます conjugation. So:

V(る1/る verb/ichidan verb) → 見 → 見ます → 見

V(る5/う verb with る ending/godan verb with る ending) → 座 → 座ります → 座り

V(う) → 歌 → 歌います → 歌い

V(く) → 歩 → 歩きます → 歩き

V(す) → 話 → 話します → 話し

V(つ) → 打 → 打ちます → 打ち

V(ぬ) → 死 → 死にます → 死に

V(ぶ) → 飛 → 飛びます → 飛び

V(む) → 休 → 休みます → 休み

V(ぐ) → 泳 → 泳ぎます → 泳ぎ

In our case:

飲む -> 飲みます -> 飲み

今夜、 のみにいきます

I hope it makes it a bit more clear,
Cheers :+1:

PS
Are you half-life fan? :grinning:

3 Likes

Okay that clears it up for me, thank you.

The lambda is for lambda calculus :slight_smile:

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Hi, first post here and I’m a little confused about the following sentence in the examples:

公園へ遊びに行った。

Why is へ used in this sentence? As I understood it, へ can only really be used to indicate going towards something and must be used with a verb of motion, but in this sentence it is paired with 遊び which is not a verb indicating motion or direction. Should it not be で (at) Instead?

Appreciate anyone’s help to explain this one, many thanks!

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@DanPhelps88 Welcome to the community!

This is exactly right! However, へ (or に) is used in tandem with the whole phrase あそびにいく to indicate the act of “going to to go play” rather than just “to play” (あそぶ).

〜にいく pairs with other verbs to give them direction/motion and expresses what you are moving toward (to do). Therefore, it is better to think of Verb + にいく as one phrase, rather than trying to connect particles to only the first part of the phrase.

I hope this helps. Cheers!

I keep getting this mixed up with ていく, what’s the difference? Is it the sequence of events?

しにいく - to go then do
していく- to do then go

thanks

The difference is that しにいくis describing going somewhere for the purpose of doing something e.g.
あの店に、食べに行った。“I went to eat at that restaurant”
Whereas していく describes doing something then going somewhere e.g.
大丈夫!お弁当を持って行くから。
It’s okay! Because I will take a lunch (bento) with me
They’re holding/carrying/possesing the lunch and then going so it just becomes “take” in english

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Hello, for this question:

お金かねをわたしにいった。

Why does 渡す yield 渡しにいった? I do not believe that 渡す needs する. Am I mistaken about that, or is this す → し for a reason I’m forgetting?

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There is no する, it’s just a godan verb in its masu stem form. The さ row is さしすせそ and this form uses the i sound from the row, so 渡す becomes 渡します.

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I really think this should be explained in the lesson/grammar info.

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This should be part of the “Details” section for this lesson. As a beginner, I couldn’t understand what I had to do to godan verbs. The “Structure” shown looked like only ichidan verbs were involved with this lesson.